“Koru of Maori Ethics” Model
The “Koru of Maori Ethics” developed by Manuka Henare (1998) is another framework used for deciphering Maori ethical issues. This model is represented in the diagram below using the symbol of the koru. Again, there are the same core Maori values that are situated in the centre of the diagram.
Mana, Mauri, Tapu, Io & Hau are depicted in the centre of the koru as the founding values that inform the ethical concepts and practices of Kotahitanga (Unity), Wairuatanga (Spirituality), Whanaungatanga (Relationship & Kinship) & Kaitiakinga (Guardianship).