Lee, Jenny Bol Jun.(2008) Ako: Pūrākau of Māori teachers' work in secondary schools.

This thesis develops a new approach to understanding Māori teachers' work. While contemporary emphasis on teachers' work focuses on generic characteristics of effective practice as key to improving student outcomes, here it is shown that Māori teachers bring a quality to their practice not captured in standard approaches. Framed by kaupapa Māori theory, this thesis foregrounds purakau as a research methodology to tell the story/stories of five Māori secondary school teachers. These teachers source their work deeply in who they are as Māori, enacting the philosophy and practice of ako.

Ako: Pūrākau of Māori teachers work in secondary schools.

Pohatu, T. Hauora Āta: Growing Respectful Relationships.

This paper discusses cultural definitions and interpretations of āta and its potential as a transformative approach to advance ethical social service practice in Aotearoa today.

Growing Respectful Relationships. (300 kb)

Cram, F. (2002). Māori and Science - Report for the Royal Society of New Zealand. Auckland: IRI University of Auckland.

This report includes three case studies conducted with Māori groups that have problem-solved an issue by the engagement with science/technology and matauranga Māori (indigenous knowledge). Good Practice Guidelines were developed from this research.

Māori and Science - Report for the Royal Society of New Zealand. (669 kb)

Cooper, G., Roddick, S., Hodgen, E., & Wylie, C. (2003). 'Outline of Educational Provision in the Ngāti Whakaue rohe'. Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research.

This report was generated to inform the Ngāti Whakaue Education Strategy and data collected is intended to monitor any initiatives Ngāti Whakaue that are put in place.

Outline of Educational Provision in the Ngāti Whakaue rohe
Ngati Whakaue education strategy


Cooper, G., Arago-Kemp, V., Wylie, C., & Hodgen, E. (2004). 'Te Rerenga ā te Pirere: A longitudinal study of Kōhanga Reo and Kura Kaupapa Māori students'. Phase 1 report. Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research.

'Te Rerenga a te Pīrere (The Flight of the Fledgling) is a longitudinal study of 111 kōhanga reo and kura kaupapa Māori students. This project is perhaps one of the first in-depth research projects of children in kōhanga reo and kura kaupapa Māori, their educational and social environments, and their learning. This is the report for the first year of the study.

Te Rerenga ā te Prere -  View

Lee, Jenny Bol Jun. (2005). 'Cultural Sustainability: Maori Teachers in 'Mainstream' Schools'. Paper presented at The International Diversity Conference, Institute of Ethnic Administrators, Beijing, China.

This paper explores the cultural capacity of Maori teachers to advance Maori aspirations in schooling by providing an historical overview of the participation of Maori teachers in state schooling sector, in particular, 'mainstream' secondary schools. (Please note - jenny has given permission to cite this article)

Cultural Sustainability: Maori Teachers in 'Mainstream' Schools (120 kb)

H Hohepa, M.K. (1999) 'Hei tautoko i te reo: Maori language regeneration and whanau bookreading practices'. Unpublished PhD thesis, The University of Auckland

This thesis explores the premise that in order for Maori language educational initiatives to be effective, those who have intimate contact with students in their personal domains of life also need to be interacting with them in the target language. It examines interactions in family literacy practices as a constitutive context for adult Maori language elaboration and acquisition processes.

Ch 1: Korero timatanga:Introduction (890 kb)
Ch 2: Te Reo Maori (1.18 mb)
Ch 3: Kia mau ki to reo: Language Regeneration (1.1 mb)
Ch 4: Te Ao Tuhi: Print Literacy and Maori Language (1 mb)
Ch 5: Te Ao Tuhi-a-Whanau: Family Literacy ( 1.1 mb)
Ch 6: He Kaupapa Aria: A Theoretical Framework (1.68 mb)
Ch 7: He Tikanga Rangahau: Research Method (680 kb)
Ch 8: Whakawhiti Korero: Conversational Interviews (2 mb)
Ch 9: Korero pukapuka i nga kainga : Bookreading in homes (1.9 mb)
Ch 10: He korero whakamutunga: A conclusion (2.3 mb)

Smith, L.T. (1996), 'Nga aho o te kakahu matauranga: The multiple layers of struggle by Maori in education' Unpublished PhD Thesis, The University of Auckland.

This thesis is framed within the anti-colonial discourse of 'writing back'. It foregrounds the multiple layers and simultaneous levels through which Maori interests in education are being contested, re-imagined and reformulated.

Ch1: An Introduction(1.63 mb)
Ch 2: Imagining Writing History and Theory (978 kb)
Ch 3: Re-imagining Education (1.4 mb)
Ch 4: Decolonising Intellectual Identity: Maori/Woman/Academic (1.34 mb)
Intro to Section 2: Researching Back (1.18 mb)
Ch 5: Research through imperial eyes (976 kb)
Ch 6: Searching for the World of LIght (1.2 mb)
Ch 7: Kaupapa Maori Research (1.3 mb)
Intro to Section 3: The Dis-Order of Things (1.3 mb)
Ch 8: The colonisation of Maori children (1.28 mb)
Ch 9: Maori Women: Discourses, Projects and Mana Wahine (815 kb)
Ch 10: Getting Out From Down Under: Maori Women, Education and the Struggles for Mana Wahine (1mb)
Intro to Section 4: Making Spaces For Maori:From the Shifting Centre to the Fixed Margins (718 kb)
Ch 11: The beginnings of Taha Maori (1 mb)
Ch 12: E haere ana nga kete matauranga e toru ki te kura: The three kits of knowledge go to school(1 mb)
Ch 13: Kura Kaupapa Maori and the Implications for Curriculum (992 kb)
Ch 14: At the end of the small hours...(1.5 mb)

Pihama, L., (1993) Tungia te Ururua, kia tupu whakaritorito te tupu o te harakeke: A critical awareness of parents as first teachers. Unpublished MA Thesis, Universify of Auckland.

The primary objective of this thesis focused upon whether the recent introduction of the `Parents as First Teachers' programme in Aotearoa is an emancipatory programme for Maori people. It is argued that `Parents as First Teachers' is framed within positivist constructions of compensatory education, which ignore wider cultural and structural considerations. Furthermore, this thesis argues that `Parents as First Teachers' is not an emancipatory programme for Maori.

Ch 1: Introduction (701 kb)
Ch 2: Positivism (696 kb)
Ch 3: Critical Theory (866 kb)
Ch 4: Development of Early Childhood Services in Aotearoa (722 kb)
Ch 5: American Educational Research (444 kb)
Ch 6: Parents as first teachers:The Policy (331 kb)
Ch 7: Parents as first teachers: Three Ingredients (830 kb)
Ch 8: Conclusion (800 kb)

Taki,M. (1996) 'Kaupapa Maori and contemporary Maori resistance'. Unpublished Masters, The University of Auckland.

This thesis argues that Pakeha power brokers are agents of British Imperialism and Colonialisation. Re-asserting the efficacy of Iwi forms of 'scholarship' it has also been argued that the political arrangements of Colonialisation were recognised and articulated by Iwi as Te Karauna (the Brisish Crown), Kawanatanga (limited authority under Hapu and Rohe sanction), and Pakeha Colonial settlers or Tauiwi as a problematic immigrant group.

Ch 1: Introduction & Ch 2: Kaupapa Maori (2 mb)
Ch 3: Critical Theory & Ch 4: A British Imperial context(2 mb)
Ch 5: Indigenous Resistance & Ch 6: Rangatiratanga I Tuku Iho(1.86 mb)
Ch 7: Summary and Reflections(820 kb)

Morrison, A. (1999) 'Space for Maori in tertiary institutions: Exploring two sites at the university of Auckland'. Unpublished Masters Thesis, The University of Auckland.

This thesis explores space for Maori in western traditional tertiary educational institutions. It is argued that space for Maori is necessary for Maori cultural frameworks to be affirmed within Pakeha institutions.

Ch 1: Introduction & Ch 2: Maori in Education(1 mb)
Ch 3: Theorising Space from Western Perspectives(623 kb)
Ch 4: Space for Maori(706 kb)
Ch 5: Case Study: Waipapa Marae (735 kb)
Ch 6: Case Study & Ch 7: Summary and Reflections(683 kb)

Waitere-Ang, H. (1999) 'The kete, the briefcase, te tuara: The balancing act - Maori women in the primary sector'. Unpublished Masters Thesis, Massey University.

This thesis examines the educational experiences of eight Maori women. It draws from their reflections as students and teachers to investigate the ways in which they strategised their negotiation of educational contexts not conducive to their interests or needs.

Ch 1: The Narrative Archive(672 kb)
Ch 2: The Leadership Archive(828 kb)
Ch 3: The Archive of Maori and Education(1.1 mb)
Ch 4: Theoretical Issues around the Development of Maori Research Approaches(1 mb)
Ch 5: The Study And The Process(630 kb)
Ch 6: Theory as the Patu or Patu as the Theory(760 kb)
Ch 7: Te Kete Whiri(1.45 mb)
Ch 8: The Briefcase(1.73 mb)
Ch 9: Te Tuara(1.73 mb)
Ch 10: Conclusion(1.48 mb)

Smith, G. (1991) 'Reform & Maori educational crisis: A grand illusion' . Monograph No: 3, The University of Auckland. ISSN 1171-5936

This monograph argues that there is very little contained within recent policy reforms which will significantly alter the educational experiences of Maori pupils. Some hope for meaningful intervention is contained within the Maori schooling initiatives of Te Kohanga Reo and Kura Kaupapa Maori. Key questions are asked and answered in this monograph concerning successful Maori interventions.

'Reform & Maori educational crisis: A grand illusion' (900 kb)

Mead, A. (1994) 'Nga Tikanga, Nga Taonga: Cultural and intellectual and property: The rights of indigenous peoples'. Monograph No: 23, The University of Auckland. ISSN 1171

Indigenous Rights to Land and Biologial Resources(705 kb)
Misappropriation of Indigenous Knowledge(356 kb)
The Economics of Customary Knowledge(392 kb)
Women in Science: Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights of Tangata Whenua(319 kb)
Maori Leadership: The Waka Traditions The Crews Were The Real Heroes(538 kb)
The Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan(950 kb)

Smith, C. (1994), 'Kimihia te maramatanga: Colonisation and iwi development'. Unpublished Masters Thesis, The University of Auckland

This thesis argues that iwi development is a discourse of power that is currently being contested by Maori and state interest groups. Two areas of iwi development are investigated, the media and education, to highlight how some of the struggles for development are unfolding between the state and Maori.

Ch 1: Introduction to the issue(656 kb)
Ch 2: Decolonisation : A review of international literature(1.02 mb)
Ch 3: Defining Iwi(874 kb)
Ch 4: Western views VS Indigenous views of development(585 kb)
Ch 5: Devolution and Iwi development(597 kb)
Ch 6: Iwi Media(680 kb)
Ch 7: Iwi development and Education(778 kb)
Ch 8: Conclusion(897 kb)

Jane, S. (2001). 'Maori participation in higher education Tainui graduates from the University of Waikato, 1992 to 1997'. Unpublished PhD, University of Waikato

This thesis is an examination of what factors contribute to the success of Maori who participate in higher education. It is informed by the experiences of nine Tainui tribal members who received scholarships from the Tainui Maori Trust Board and who graduated from the University of Waikato between 1992 and 1997.

Table of contents
Ch 1: Introducing the thesis
Ch 2: Defying stereotypes – Cultural notions of success
Ch 3: Understanding and doing research – A maori position
Ch 4: The university of waikato
Ch 5: The Tainui Maori Trust Board and education
Ch 6: Tainui graduates from the University of Waikato
Ch 7: Discussion and analysis
Ch 8: Maori participation in higher education – strategies for future success

Smith, G. (1991) Reform and educational crisis: A grand illusion. Unpublished MA Thesis, University of Auckland.

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