'Smith, G. (2003) 'Indigenous Struggle for the Transformation of Education and Schooling'. Keynote Address to Alaskan Federation and Natives (AFN) Convention, Anchorage, Alaska.

The New Zealand case study examines the period of the 1980's in New Zealand that has produced a range of societal changes for Maori, some which are still impacting in 2003.

Indigenous Struggle for the Transformation of Education and Schooling (80 kb)

Māori Research Development

This literature review provides an overview of Kaupapa Māori principles and practices. Furthermore it includes some examples of key notions in Kaupapa Māori service provision.

Māori Research Development (456 kb)

Pihama, L. (2001) 'Tihei Mauri Ora: Honouring Our Voices. Mana Wahine as a Kaupapa Maori Theoretical Framework'. Unpublished PhD, The University of Auckland

This thesis is a theoretical journey. Its primary focus is the honouring and affirmation of the voices of Maori women and the assertion of Mana Wahine as a Kaupapa Maori theoretical framework. It is argued that Western theories are inadequate in understanding and explaining Maori experiences and in particular the experiences of Maori women. Kaupapa Maori theory provides the framework within which this thesis is located.

Ch 1: I am my own case study:Putting a thesis in context (1.27 mb)
Ch 2: Whakatuwheratanga:Openings(1.5 mb)
Ch 3: Maori/Woman/Academic(1.67 mb)
Ch 4: Kaupapa Maori Theory(1.83 mb)
Ch 5: Kaupapa Maori Theory: Identifying Elements(1.55 mb)
Ch 6: Colonisation and the importation of ideologies of race, gender and class(1.44 mb)
Ch 7: Historical Sources (1.57 mb)
Ch 8: Maori girls education & native schooling 1840-1940(1.6 mb)
Ch 9: Developments towards mana wahine theory(1.4 mb)
Ch 10: Mana Wahine theory(2.14 mb)
Ch 11: Korero Whakamutunga(1.37 mb)

Reynolds, P. (2004) 'Nga Puni Whakapiri: Indigenous Struggle and Genetic Engineering'. Unpublished PhD, Simon Fraser University.

This thesis argues that the notion of struggle is culturally based. Struggle for Indigenous peoples centres around the protection of all things they hold precious. This thesis presents a case study examining the struggle of Maori against the biotechnology industry and genetic engineering.

Nga Puni Whakapiri: Indigenous Struggle and Genetic Engineering (2.48 mb)

Walker, S. (1996), 'Kia tau te rangimarie. Kaupapa Maori theory as a resistance against the construction of Maori as the other'. Unpublished Masters Thesis, The University of Auckland.

The notions of identity construction and discourse as violence are elaborated upon in this thesis. It discusses the theoretical processes by which the European dualistic philosophical heritage constructs the European Identity as a Subject. It further illustrates how that dualistic heritage facilitates the construction of Maori as the Other. European Subjectivity is seen to project itself onto Maori, rendering Maori as the Object of study, the Problem, the malleable, submissive, Post-Other. I contend that Kaupapa Maori Theory is a resistance against European dualistic paradigms; which challenges, critiques and poses alternatives to the discourse of violence, allowing Maori to define themselves.

Ch 1: Introduction (1.07 mb)
Ch 2: The Pakeha Problem (1.58 mb)
Ch 3: Maori as the Other (1.11 mb)
Ch 4: The Maori Problem & Ch 5: Culture Invention (1.1 mb)
Ch 6: Kaupapa Maori Theory (1.35 mb)
Ch 7: Conclusion (760 kb)

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